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Classicism predominated in the architecture of the first half of the 19th century (School of Mines, 1797–1813, architect M. the capital of Mexico, on the central plateau at an altitude of 2240 m (7350 ft.): founded as the Aztec capital (Tenochtitl?
Tolsá), giving way to eclecticism in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries (Palace of Fine Arts, 1904–34, architect A. The first half of the 20th century saw the modernization of Mexico City: the Insurgentes Boulevard was laid out in 1924, an overall city plan was drawn up in 1932, and several housing projects were begun in 1948. n) in about 1300; conquered and rebuilt by the Spanish in 1521; forms, with its suburbs, the federal district of Mexico; the largest industrial complex in the country.
During the Mexican Revolution of 1910–17, Mexico City was occupied in 1914 by peasant partisan detachments.
In the 20th century the city became the country’s economic and political center, and after World War II it grew rapidly as new industries were established.
Among the noteworthy buildings constructed between the 1920’s and the 1940’s are C. It covers about 200 ha and includes some 40 buildings, of which the most notable are the rector’s hall (architects M. Many building projects have been undertaken by the architects P. Candela (Church of La Virgen Milagrosa, 1954; and Sports Palace, 1968), and M. Siqueiros in the National Preparatory School and the Palace of Fine Arts and the mosaics by Siqueiros, J.
Obregón Santacilla’s Ministry of Public Health (1926–29), J. Ramírez Vázquez (National Auditorium, mid-1960’s; Aztec Stadium, 1968), L. Goeritz (towers at the entry to the Satellite City, 1957–58). Chávez Morado, and O’Gorman on the facades of the buildings of University Campus. The Monument to the Revolution (1933–38) was designed by the architect C. Educational, scientific, and cultural institutions The country’s leading higher educational institutions are located in Mexico City, including the National Autonomous University, the National Polytechnic Institute, the Workers’ University, the Women’s University, the American, Ibero-American, and Anahuac universities, the La Salle de Mexico University, the Higher School of Engineers, the National Conservatory, the Drama School of the National Institute of Art, the National School of Agriculture, the National School of History and Anthropology, the National School of Plastic Arts, and the School of Medicine and Public Health.
Find other singles looking for friendship, marriage, relationship on our free online dating service and social network.Over population and the high concentration of industrial enterprises and transportation facilities have resulted in the rapid deterioration of the natural environment.Architecture The Old City, with its rectangular network of streets, is situated on the site of the ancient Aztec capital.Excluding the Federal District, the population was 368,000 in 1900, 2,234,000 in 1950, and 3,353,000 in 1967.Administration Mexico City and its suburbs constitute the Federal District, which is administered by a governor appointed by the president of Mexico.